Lipoedema is an abnormal build-up of fat in your legs and sometimes arms. It can be painful and affect daily life, but there are things you can do that may help.
Lipoedema is more common in women. It usually affects both sides of the body equally.
You may also have pain, tenderness or heaviness in the affected limbs, and you may bruise easily.
It can be a difficult condition to live with and you may feel anxious or depressed.
There are other things that can cause large or swollen legs.
If the skin on your legs is hard and tight but does not hurt when touched, it could be lymphoedema.
It's caused by a problem with the lymphatic system (a network of vessels and glands that help fight infection and drain excess fluid from tissues).
Sometimes, a build-up of fluid can cause the legs, ankles or feet to become swollen. This is called oedema. In lipoedema, the feet are not usually affected.
You may have cellulitis (a skin infection) and need treatment with antibiotics.
If the GP thinks you have lipoedema they may refer you to a specialist for treatment.
There's currently no cure, but there are things that can help and stop it getting worse.
Your treatment will depend on how severe your symptoms are and how they're affecting you.
The main treatments are:
Compression therapy can sometimes help manage lipoedema.
A specially trained clinician will assess you and recommend the most suitable type of compression.
LymphCare has more information about compression therapy.
Talking to someone and getting support can help if lipoedema is affecting your quality of life.
The exact cause of lipoedema is not clear.
It's not caused by being overweight – you can be a healthy weight and still get it.
It may be caused by changes in your hormones:
Sometimes lipoedema runs in families.